Spain Glossary | Portugal Visitor

Spain Glossary | Portugal Visitor

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Spain & Spanish Glossary

Read a glossary of Spanish words and phrases. Find useful Spanish and Catalan for traveling in Spain and understanding its history, culture and cuisine.

Further information on many of the listed terms is available via accompanying links, plus information on related products.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

The Spanish national flag or Bandera de España

Adiós – goodbye.

Agua – water.

Aguas termales – hot spring, spa.

Aire-acondicionado – Air conditioning.

AJD – Actos Jurídicos Documentados.

Alameda – (tree-lined) avenue.

Albergue juvenil – youth hostels.

Alcázar – Muslim period fortress.

Aljibe – cistern.

Anguila – eel.

Arroyo – stream.

Arroz – rice.

Asado – grilled.

Atún – tuna.

Autobús – bus.

Autopista – road/highway/tollway.

AVE – Tren de Alta Velocidad Española.

Avenida – Avenue.

Ayuntamiento – city hall.

Azúcar – sugar.

B

Bailaor/balaora – male/female flamenco dancer.

Baile – flamenco dance.

Balada – ballad.

Balneario – spa.

Baños públicos – public toilets.

Barco – boat.

Barrio – district.

Batata – (sweet) potato.

Biblioteca – library.

Bilette – ticket.

Billete de un día – day pass.

Bodega – (wine) cellar or wine bar.

Borrego – lamb.

Brema – bream.

C

Cabaña – hut.

Cabinas telefónicas – phone boxes.

Cabra/o – goat.

Cabrito – kid.

Cajero automático – ATM.

Calamar – squid.

Calle – street.

Callejón – lane.

Callos – tripe.

Cama – bed.

Cambio – change/currency exchange.

Campo – field or sports arena.

Caña – small glass of beer.

Cangrejo – crab.

Cantaor/Cantaora – male/female flamenco singer.

Capilla – chapel.

Capitán – captain.

Carmen – walled villa with garden (Granada).

Carnaval – carnival.

Carretera – highway.

Carta – menu.

Casa – house.

Casco – helmet; old part of a town.

Castellano – Castilian.

Castillo – castle, fortress.

Castro – Celtic fort.

Catedral – cathedral.

Cerdo – pork.

Cerveceria – beer bar.

Cerveza – beer.

Cíes Islands – three islands, Monteagudo, do Faro (Isla do Medio) and San Martiño located off the coast of Galicia from Vigo. Read more

Ciudad – town.

Claustro – cloister.

Col – cabbage.

Comedor – dining room.

Comida – food; lunch.

Comida vegetariana – vegetarian food.

Comunidad autónoma – autonomous community – political and administrative division of Spain.

Conquistador – soldier of fortune in the Americas, conqueror.

Correos – post office.

Corrida – bull fight.

Cortes – national parliament.

Costa – coast.

Cuchara – spoon.

Cuchillo – knife.

Cuesta – lane (on a hill).

Cueva – cave.

Cruz – cross.

D

Derecha/o – right.

Distrito – district.

Dolmen – megalithic tomb.

Don – honorific “Sir”.

RENFE train in Cadiz.
A RENFE train in Cádiz

E

El Rinconcillo – said to be the birth place of tapas in Seville. Read more

Embalse – reservoir.

Entrada – entrance.

Ermita – chapel or hermitage.

ES – Spain.

ESP – Spain.

Estación – station.

Estación de autobuses – bus station.

Estación de esqui – ski resort.

F

Farmacia – pharmacy, chemists.

Faro – lighthouse.

Feria – fair.

Ferrocarril – railway.

Festival – festival. Read more on festivals

Fiesta – festival.

Flamenco – contemporary and traditional musical styles typical of southern Spain.

Fresa – strawberry.

Frita/o – fried.

Fruta – fruit.

Fuente – fountain.

Funicular – funicular.

Fútbol – football.

G

Gaditano/a – person from Cádiz.

Gaita – Galician bagpipes.

Gallego/a – native of Galicia.

Garbanzos – chickpeas.

Garrofó – a type of lima or butter bean.

Gitanos – gypsies, Roma.

Gracias – thank you.

Guarda Civil – military police.

Guisantes – peas.

Guitarra – guitar (see flamenco).

H

Haya – beech tree.

Hermandad – brother and (sister)hood that takes part in religious processions.

Hospital – hospital.

Hostal – hostel; cheap lodging.

Hoy – today.

Huerta – orchard.

I

Iglesia – church.

IIVTNU – Impuesto sobre el Incremento de Valor de los Terrenos de Naturaleza Urbana.

Infanta/Infante – princess/prince.

Isla – island.

IVA – impuesto sobre el valor añadido (VAT).

J

Jamón ibérico – Iberian ham.

Jardín – garden.

Juderia – Jewish district in the medieval period.

Judías – beans.

Juez/a – judge.

Junta – council, committee.

K

Knights Templar – religious order of warrior monks.

L

Lago – lake.

Laguna – lagoon.

Langosta – lobster.

Langostinos – king prawns.

Leche – milk.

Lenguado – sole.

Librería – bookshop.

Lidia – art of bullfighting.

Limón – lemon.

M

Maíz – corn.

Manzana – apple.

Mapas – maps.

Marcha – the action, the scene.

Marismas – wetlands, marshes.

Mercado – market.

Mercado municipal – city (municipal) market.

Mesa – table.

Metro de Sevilla – the metro system in Seville.

Miel – honey.

Mirador – viewpoint.

Morisco – Muslim convert to Christianity.

Monasterio – monastery.

Morería – former Muslim quarter.

Movida – lively, party zone.

Mudéjar – Iberian Muslim living under Christian rule.

Muelle – dock, pier, wharf.

Municipio – municipality.

Muralla – city wall.

Museo – museum.

Muwallad – Muslim of Iberian origin.

N

Navidad – Christmas.

Nueces – nuts.

O

Olivos – olives.

Ostras – oysters.

Pinchos.
Pinchos – small snack, traditionally eaten in bars

P

Paella – a rice dish originally from Valencia. Ingredients may include green beans, butter beans, peas, duck, rabbit, chicken, cooked in olive oil and chicken broth. The yellow color is achieved with saffron or turmeric.

Pan – bread.

Parroquia – parish church.

Paseo – promenade.

Palacio – palace.

Parador – upmarket guesthouses. Read more on Portuguese pousadas & Spanish paradors

Parque – park.

Parque Nacional – National Park.

Parque Natural – protected environment.

Pasos – figures carried in Santa Semana processions.

Patata – potato.

Pazo – a type of Galician traditional house.

Peña – club.

Pescado – fish.

Pez patinador – skate (fish).

Pimiento – capsicum.

Piña – pineapple.

Pinchos – tapas.

Pintxos – Basque version of tapas.

Piscina – swimming pool.

Plateresque – Renaissance style of architecture, meaning “in the manner of a silversmith”.

Plaza – square.

Plaza de toros – bullring.

Plaza de Toros de la Maestranzabullring in Seville.

Príncipe/Princesa – Prince/Princess.

Pueblo – village.

Puente – bridge.

Pulpo – octopus.

Punta – point, promotory.

Praya – beach.

Punto de reciclaje – Recycling point.

Pinchos.
Ham & cheese – two Spanish staples

Q

Queso – cheese.

R

Radiografía – X-ray.

Rambla – avenue.

Rastro – flea market.

Real – royal.

Reconquista – Christian “reconquest” of the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims.

RENFEReNacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles.

Ría – estuary.

Río – river.

Romería – pilgrimage.

Ronda – ring road.

S

Sal – salt.

Salmón – salmon.

Salmonete – red mullet.

Salud – cheers!

Sardinas – sardines.

Sellos – stamps.

Semana Santa – the week leading to Easter.

Señor – man.

Señora – honorific “Madam”.

Sidra – cider.

Sierra – mountain/mountain range.

Supermercado – supermarket.

T

Tabaquería – tobacconist.

Taberna – tavern.

Tapas – appetizer or snack.

Teleférico – cable car.

Tenedor – fork.

Termas – hot springs.

Ternera – veal.

TIN – Tipo de Interés Nomina.

Torero – bull fighter.

Torre – tower.

Tranvía – tram.

Tren – train.

Tripa – tripe.

Trucha – trout.

Trujillo – Trujillo is an historic town in Extremadura associated with the Pizarro family.

Turismo (oficina de turismo) – tourist office.

U

Urgencia – emergency.

Uvas – grapes.

V

Vaca – beef.

Valle – valley.

Velocidad – speed.

Verdura – vegetable.

Vino blanco – white wine.

Vino tinto – red wine.

W

Wellington – British general in the Peninsula War then known as Arthur Wellesley.

X

Xàbia – town in the province of Alicante.

Y

Z

Zamora – town in Spain. Read more

Zaragosa – town in Aragon.

Zarzuela – mix of drama and dance.

Zumo – juice.

Zamora Cathedral seen from across the River Duero.
Zamora Cathedral seen from across the River Duero (Duoro)

Portuguese Glossary

Portuguese Food Glossary

Spanish Food Glossary

Britain Glossary



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