National Museum of Archaeology | Portugal Visitor
National Museum of Archaeology (Museu Nacional de Arqueologia)
Lisbon’s National Museum of Archaeology (Museu Nacional de Arqueologia/MNA) is the largest archaeology museum in the country.
The museum opened in 1906 and is the result of the work and passion of archaeologist José Leite de Vasconcelos. It has the largest collection of mosaics from the Roman Period in Portugal, the biggest collection of Classical sculpture in Portugal as well as exhibits of Portuguese and African ethnography.
It is housed in the west wing of the Mosteiro dos Jeronimos – the former monks’ dormitory – along with the Museu de Marinha (Maritime Museum) which is dedicated to the history of Portuguese ships, shipbuilding, seafarers and nautical navigation particularly during the Age of Discoveries.
The museum is close to Belem Tower and several other attractions in the Belem district of Lisbon.
The museum was founded as the Museu Etnológico de Belém in 1893 by Portuguese archaeologist José Leite de Vasconcelos (1858-1941).
Leite de Vasconcelos left his collection of correspondence, engravings, manuscripts and photographs to the museum on his death.
The museum has a vast collection consists of finds from over 3,000 archeological sites on the Iberian Peninsula.
The include Neolithic tools, coins, Roman mosaics, amphorae and glassware, epigraphy, ethnography, jewelry, metalwork, pieces from the Islamic Period and Classical sculpture. The museum also has exhibits from Ancient Egypt, Africa and Greece.
Of particular importance are the exhibits of Gallecian sculpture, the largest such collection in Iberia.
The National Museum of Archaeology is also the main center for archaeological research in Portugal.
Access – Getting There
National Museum of Archaeology
Praça do Império
Tel: 21 362 0000
Buses: #28, #714, #727, #729 or #751. Tram: #15 from Cais do Sodre; From Cascais or Cais do Sodre on the Cascais Line (Linha de Cascais) get out at Belém station; Ferry: From Porto Brandaõ and Trafaria on the south side of the River Tagus to Estação Fluvial de Belém or take the Linha Cascais train from Cais do Sodre to Belem Station.
Hours: 10 am – 6 pm; Closed Monday
Admission: Reduction with the Lisboa Card
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